A range of symptoms
Doctors refer to concussion as mild traumatic brain injury. The symptoms will depend on the severity of the injury. In addition to common symptoms such as headache, dizziness and balance problems, the following signs of a concussion may also be present:
- impaired vision
- light sensitivity
- concentration problems.
So, if concussion is suspected, you should consult a doctor as quickly as possible. Even mild traumatic brain injury should not be taken lightly, as it can have long-term effects. Severe or repeated concussions have been shown to increase the risk of dementia in old age, while in children they have a negative impact on academic performance.
Getting the right treatment is crucialFollowing a blow to the head or a fall and the associated symptoms (as explained in "A range of symptoms"), the doctor will prescribe rest and, where necessary, pain relief. In many cases this treatment will be sufficient and the symptoms will disappear after a few days. Symptoms persist or get worse in about 10%-35 percent of cases. In these cases, waiting to see what happens is counterproductive. Coordinated investigation and treatment, as indicated by the medical diagnosis, are required in order to alleviate persistent symptoms and prevent complications. If treatment is successful, patients will be able to return to normal life after just one week. If, however, the symptoms are left untreated for too long, patients may experience additional symptoms such as fatigue or exhaustion.